The Various Levels of Traumatic Brain Injuries & the Long-Term Impact

The Various Levels of Traumatic Brain Injuries & the Long-Term Impact

When individuals think of the term catastrophic injuries, there are many things that come to mind. However, they don’t always know the specifics. Unfortunately, one of the worst types of catastrophic injuries a person can sustain is a traumatic brain injury.

Traumatic brain injuries are often common when individuals are negligent and cause serious accidents. Understanding more about the different levels of traumatic brain injuries can help those who have been hurt know who may be held liable for their actions.

Even before the injury occurs, knowing how serious these are, the potential causes, and what can be done after the fact to hold the negligent party accountable is important. Here are some things you should know.

The Seriousness of Traumatic Brain Injuries and Different Types

When it comes to traumatic brain injuries, there are different types of TBIs that can a person can be diagnosed with. These include:

  • Concussions: Minor in severity, concussions are often caused when there is a sudden change in movement to the head and brain, shaking, or direct impact. The symptoms may be minor, including headaches or issues with focus, but may worsen if the victim sustains multiple concussions over time.
  • Contusions: This occurs when the brain tissue suffers a bruise and small blood vessels break and leak. Typically, these are caused by direct impact to the head, such as when a person slips and falls, hitting their head on the ground’s surface.
  • Penetrating injuries: When an object pierces through the skull or causes some kind of fracture to the skull to make contact with the brain, this is considered a penetrating injury. These can result in more severe symptoms.
  • Anoxic brain injuries: This occurs when the individual is not receiving the sufficient amount of oxygen to their brain causing brain cells to die. This could be due to blood flow blockage or suffocation.

There are other types of TBIs, all varying in severity which could have a serious impact on the injured individual and their abilities moving forward. Traumatic brain injuries are typically broken up into three levels of severity including mild, moderate, and severe.

Mild traumatic brain injuries may be present when the individual loses consciousness for anywhere from a few seconds to a couple of minutes. There may not be any loss of consciousness at all. However, they may appear confused or disoriented and require medical monitoring to help determine the seriousness.

Moderate traumatic brain injuries are often categorized by the loss of consciousness lasting more than an hour. In many cases, the injured party may experience lasting confusion that goes on for a few weeks or even months. Some situations may have permanent complications including cognitive, developmental, and behavioral issues.

Severe traumatic brain injuries are typically the result of penetrating TBIs. In many of the cases, this type of injury can be considered life-threatening or even impact their life over a long period of time.

The Long-Term Impact

Traumatic brain injuries often mean the individual who is harmed must endure long-term symptoms associated with the pain and underlying impact. These effects can include physical disabilities, cognitive defects, sensory issues, and behavioral problems.

These symptoms may vary and is often dependent on how bad the injury is. However, it’s important to have a clear understanding of the impact that this type of injury may have so victims may know what to expect moving forward.

  • Physical impact: Injured individuals may suffer from sleep disorders, fatigue, changes in appetite, difficulty swallowing, seizures, hormonal changes, spasticity, and even severe and chronic pain.
  • Cognitive impact: The developmental and cognitive issues that may be experienced include confusion, memory issues, troubles with focusing or concentration, and difficulty with executive functions, including planning, abstract thinking, and initiating appropriate actions.
  • Sensory impact: Someone who sustains a traumatic brain injury may have trouble with vision, hearing, smell, and taste as a result of the injury. This may include loss of vision, ringing in the ears, diminished sense of smell or taste, and more.

What Can Be Done After the Injury?

After someone sustains a serious brain injury, the focus should be on any potential treatment and care that is needed. This may include surgery to help repair the skull or stop a brain bleed, rehabilitation care to help relearn diminished abilities, and more.

Long-term care may be necessary to help the injured individual live the most comfortable life possible. They may experience a diminished quality of life in which they are unable to complete tasks on their own so a professional caretaker may be required.

Unfortunately, these are all costs that can begin to build up. Medical expenses, rehabilitation costs, lost income; all of these are unexpected and the injured individual may not have the fees to cover them. This is where potential legal action comes in.

When negligence is involved in the cause of the injury, the injured party should understand that they have rights to seek compensation for the damages they have sustained. The legal action can also mean seeking justice, holding the liable party accountable.

Our Springfield brain injury attorneys at Strong-Garner-Bauer P.C. have extensive experience with these types of cases. If you or someone you love has been hurt, this is a difficult time and knowing the most productive ways to move forward is extremely important. The negligent party should not get away with their actions and you do have rights.